1. Man, 33, injected himself with his own SEMEN to treat back pain
  2. Grounded new planes, routes, safety inspections
  3. Ex-NFL Pro Bowl wide receiver details past relationship with Jeff Bezos’ girlfriend Lauren Sanchez
  4. YouTube warns against Bird Box-style prank videos risky memes rage
  5. Ghost news: Man left TERRIFIED after re-watching video of him entering house
  6. New sexual misconduct allegations emerge against CBS boss
  7. Education publishing group Pearson sees share price fall 6%
  8. ‘Star Wars 9’ teased by John Boyega with bloody on-set photo
  9. War on sale of treats: Sweet ban in obesity fight
  10. Tottenham 0-0 Man Utd LIVE: Score and Premier League latest, Paul Pogba & Harry Kane start | Football | Sport
  11. 15 amazing Google tricks you never knew before now
  12. California Gov Gavin Newsom pledges unemployment benefits to furloughed federal workers
  13. Can ageing be delayed, stopped or even reversed? BBC News
  14. Kate Middleton’s brother James Middleton reveals secret battle with depression
  15. Scientists prove men are more sensitive to pain than women
  16. Spanish Civil Guard make 15 arrests following investigation into tennis match-fixing
  17. The future of driving: Audi puts VR games in every car as autonomous vehicles are unveiled at CES
  18. Blood Moon 2019: What is Blood Moon prophecy? Is Super Blood Wolf Moon sign of end times?
  19. Bernie Sanders’ 2016 presidential adviser accused of sexual assault
  20. Ford to cut thousands of jobs across Europe as it seeks to cut costs
  21. Is Donald Trump a danger to national security? BBC News
  22. Fortnite gnomes: ALL chilly gnomes map locations, week 6 challenge guide | Gaming | Entertainment
  23. 30million NHS consultations could be conducted through Skype-style videos
  24. Five Carry-On Essentials for Travelers Who Love to Pack Light
  25. Charles Barkley compares NBA All-Star Game fan voting to presidential election
  26. As CES kicks off, home items are getting smarter and creepier, like it or not
  27. Mutant one-eyed cow worshipped ‘as a GOD’ after ‘miracle’ birth
  28. Brexit: PM ‘working to get further EU assurances’
  29. How much money do I need to save for my pension?
  30. Canada officially apologises: BBC News Review
  31. Meghan Markle’s father says he’s ‘very upset’ by alleged Kate Middleton feud: ‘They should put their differences aside’
  32. Retiring abroad in 2019? Consider these top 5 locations
  33. China releases 308lb rover named Jade Rabbit 2 to trundle across the far side of the moon
  34. Elvis alive? Tape of the King speaking ‘four years AFTER death’ REVEALED
  35. Pelosi: ‘Open discussion’ on whether Trump could be indicted in office
  36. UK’s largest online musical instrument and equipment specialist Gear4music sees shares halve
  37. MyHeritage DNA on BBC world news
  38. ATLAS game update: Patch notes and server status latest revealed by Studio Wildcard | Gaming | Entertainment
  39. US set for unprecedented outbreak of mysterious polio-like virus in 2020
  40. Steelers star Antonio Brown benched after dispute with Ben Roethlisberger, report says
  41. Facebook’s Zuckerberg blasted for ‘out of touch’ year-end post after scandal-plagued 2018
  42. End of the World: Rapture to start the apocalypse in 2019 says Bible
  43. Trump’s most memorable Twitter bombshells of 2018
  44. What will 2019 have in store for landlords?
  45. Reviving Italy’s ghost towns with an unusual hotel – BBC News
  46. Alexandra Richards gets engaged, dad Keith Richards and mom Patti Hansen ‘could not be happier’
  47. Measles fears in New Jersey airport
  48. U.S. airlines bristle at expansion of Qatar-backed Italian airline
  49. Andrew Strauss wife Ruth dies aged 46 after battling lung cancer
  50. Elon Musk asks judge to toss lawsuit filed by diver he called ‘pedo’
  51. Maine governor scribbles ‘stolen election’ on certificate confirming Democrat’s election win
  52. RAY MASSEY: Vauxhall’s grand design… I get behind the wheel of the first car I ever owned
  53. Is this safest place in the world? BBC News
  54. 14 Days of Fortnite: Christmas trees, goose nests, giant candy canes map locations | Gaming | Entertainment
  55. Prostate cancer: How to get involved
  56. 4 Men Held in Tourist Killings in Morocco. Denmark Calls It ‘Act of Terror.’
  57. Prolific streaker has pulled stunt more than 500 times across several sporting events
  58. Prolific streaker has pulled stunt more than 500 times across several sporting events
  59. Facebook’s lonely conservative takes on a power position
  60. ‘Wrong to ignore’ ethnicity of grooming gangs – Javid
  61. Thousands of bargain hunters queue from MIDNIGHT ahead of Boxing Day sales
  62. World’s oldest message in a bottle: BBC News Review
  63. Former ‘Apprentice’ star Elle Stevenson left ‘almost blind’ in brutal mugging
  64. Diabetic, 33, with erectile dysfunction hopes a ‘vampire penis injection’ will allow him to conceive
  65. London Gatwick drone sighting again shuts airport
  66. Transfer news LIVE: Bayern deal agreed, Man Utd demands, Arsenal, Liverpool, Barcelona | Football | Sport
  67. Apple may revamp the iPad Mini in 2019, report claims
  68. Alien news: Bizarre creature washes up on Australia
  69. Former Trump aides break their silence on Woodward book
  70. SUNDAY NEWSPAPER SHARE TIPS: Anglo Asian Mining, Gordon Dadds, Big Yellow and Dechra Pharma
  71. BBC World News – Channel Refresh
  72. Johnny Depp dropped from 'Pirates of the Caribbean' franchise, Disney producer confirms
  73. Sadiq Khan accused of being a ‘Scrooge’ for junk food advert ban
  74. Holiday cheer, history and great food in Berkeley Springs
  75. Kick It Out face questions over ‘serious incident at training day’
  76. DOJ charges Chinese nationals with ‘extensive’ hacking, stealing from tech companies, government agencies
  77. DOJ charges Chinese nationals for ‘extensive’ global hacking campaign
  78. Bank set to keep rates at 0.75% as Brexit uncertainty…
  79. When news goes wrong.. – BBC News
  80. Fortnite doorbell: How to complete ring doorbell week 3 season 7 challenge
  81. Mother and daughter with identical tumours are finally free of the painful growths
  82. If You Can’t Stop Name-Dropping, You’re Not Coming Skiing This Year
  83. Buffalo Bills’ Jerry Hughes gets his helmet stuck on teammate’s jersey
  84. Neil Armstrong’s boot sold for $48,000 as part of an out of this world ‘space auction’
  85. Tupac ALIVE? ’Security guard’ claims body double was used for cremation
  86. Dems, White House refuse to budge over border wall as Friday shutdown looms
  87. Shares in British retailers plunge after ASOS profit warning
  88. The Disruptors – BBC News
  89. Geoffrey Rush accused of inappropriate behavior by ‘Orange Is the New Black’ actress Yael Stone
  90. Baby who caught killer Ebola at just six days old is hailed a ‘miracle’
  91. Pep Guardiola finally dons Manchester City-themed Christmas jumper after not wearing one last year
  92. MIT develops incredible system to ‘shrink’ objects
  93. Bigfoot hunter spots pair of giant ‘red eyes’ lurking in forest
  94. Brexit: More assurances for MPs possible says May
  95. BBC News Review: Hong Kong riots
  96. ‘The Conners’ gets expanded second season at ABC: report
  97. Flu crisis: Number of people having flu jab at GP plummets
  98. Man Accused of Killing British Backpacker Grace Millane Appears in New Zealand Court
  99. Miami Dolphins’ Kenyan Drake wants ball he threw into stands after game-winning TD back
  100. Have you been naughty or nice? Santa ATM checks your TWEETS to decide
  101. Alien news: ‘Rod-shaped object’ BIGGER than Earth spotted moving past sun
  102. DNC chair praises George H.W. Bush: He ‘put country over party every day’
  103. Waitrose wounded as supermarket sales slow to lowest level in almost two years
  104. PM Modi To Inaugurate Tallest Statue In The World ‘Statue Of Unity’ Today | ABP News
  105. Fortnite update 7.01 Creative PATCH NOTES – New featured islands and building tools | Gaming | Entertainment
  106. Baby born after first ever womb transplant from dead donor is shown off by her proud parents
  107. Delta tests out offering most restrictive tickets to frequent flyers
  108. Credit card skimming on the rise as Indiana man gets arrested
  109. Cohen sentencing memo details efforts to help Trump 2016 campaign
  110. INVESTMENT EXTRA: Is it time to get away from travel company Thomas Cook?
  111. Syria air strikes: Latest updates- BBC News
  112. Trump voters were ‘gullible’ in 2016 election, NBC’s Chuck Todd says
  113. President Trump to attend Army-Navy football game Saturday in Philadelphia
  114. British Library to exhibit da Vinci’s notebooks
  115. Google Earth FRENZY as 'ancient megastructure' discovered on ocean floor
  116. How Avenatti’s 2020 aspirations fizzled: ‘Skeletons came to light’
  117. Maps reveal hidden truths of the world’s cities – BBC News
  118. Fortnite season 7 COUNTDOWN: Release date, start time, skins, snow map, servers, leaks | Gaming | Entertainment
  119. Mobile phones are seven times dirtier than TOILET SEATS, finds new study
  120. United Airlines inks deal with Avianca, Copa to grow in Latin America
  121. Raheem Sterling will keep improving, claims Man City teammate
  122. 5 ways to unearth incredible Amazon deals
  123. Antarctica bombshell as ‘pyramids and tunnels’ found on Google Earth
  124. Brexit: Gove warns of referendum if MPs don’t back PM’s deal
  125. Trump apologises to Kavanaugh: BBC News Review
  126. ‘Star Wars’ star Mark Hamill reacts to crime story about suspect named Luke Sky Walker
  127. Christmas recipes that are good for your GUT
  128. Purdue football coach’s high school alma mater receives threat after his decision to stay at school
  129. Dogs aren’t more clever than cats, says study
  130. Alien news: ‘Secret base’ spotted on MOON sparks frenzy
  131. Behind the scenes as the Kavanaugh nomination hit the rocks
  132. Car manufacturing in the UK has fallen again, dropping nearly 10 per cent last month
  133. Top 10: Latest international news and headlines from World
  134. Fortnite vehicle timed trials: ALL map locations for week 10 timed trials challenge | Gaming | Entertainment
  135. First gene-edited babies claimed in China
  136. A treasure trove of ancient history and culture
  137. Transfer news LIVE: Man Utd eye shock deal, Chelsea Hazard update, Arsenal bold move | Football | Sport
  138. Elon Musk thinks humans will have to merge with machines to overcome their ‘existential threat’
  139. Time travel PROOF? ‘Man from 2030’ reveals SHOCK US president
  140. Judge rejects Trump claim that he can’t be sued
  141. Almost one in four pubs have closed down since the financial crisis
  142. India: Has Narendra Modi lived up to expectations? BBC News
  143. Jerry Springer lands his own court show
  144. Stop panicking about indulgence on Thanksgiving
  145. Jane Maas, a Pioneer for Women in Advertising, Dies at 86
  146. Lennon ‘flattered’ by Ireland links but insists he’s happy at Hibs
  147. Share more DNA to protect your privacy in databases
  148. Life on Mars: Humans could look like ALIENS on Red Planet
  149. Catholic University dean resigns after questioning Kavanaugh accuser’s allegations that led to his suspension
  150. Richard Branson’s Virgin Atlantic in takeover talks with regional airline Flybe
  151. Is this the cheapest commute in the world? – BBC News
  152. Holiday Gift Guide 2018 – Best in home and productivity gadgets
  153. Internet may be fuelling hypochondria after ‘Google diagnoses’ surge by more than 8,700% in 3 years
  154. Airlines cancel thousands of flights after Avery surprises East Coast
  155. Kevin Durant slams Mavericks fan who shouted cupcake at him: ‘Watch the f—–g game and shut the f–k up’
  156. Cuomo rips New York Times, CNN, others, over Amazon’s $2.8B incentive package
  157. ISS 20th anniversary: Bizarre videos of ‘UFOs’ spark NASA COVER-UP
  158. Brexit deal: Business groups hit back at DUP’s Wilson
  159. Stopping the cyber-criminals: BBC News Review
  160. Martha Stewart shares her difficult first experience with Uber on social media
  161. Lifting weights for just five minutes can slash stroke and heart attack risk
  162. We’re Reimagining Our Travel Journalism. Tell Us What You’d Like to See.
  163. Why 536 AD was the worst year to be alive
  164. Great Pyramid of Giza: Egyptian Pharaoh ‘HIDDEN in secret chamber’
  165. How will Trump take Amazon move? ‘He will think Bezos made this decision to stick it to him.’
  166. SHARE PUNT OF THE WEEK: Pub chain Fuller’s
  167. Live Statue of Unity: Special coverage of inaugural of world’s tallest statue
  168. Jessie J ‘disappointed’ with fan comparisons to Channing Tatum’s ex Jenna Dewan
  169. NHS system error puts lives at risk as nearly 50,000 women are not sent screening letters
  170. Chiefs fans frustrated after NFL moves game vs. Rams from Mexico City to Los Angeles
  171. Bullets that don’t miss, weaponized insects and more: Innovations from DARPA, America’s secret lab
  172. Alien news: Oregon woman stunned as ’15 shape-changing UFOs’ appear
  173. Mattis heads to US-Mexico border to visit troops awaiting migrant caravan
  174. Telematics insurance has helped cut young driver casualties by a third
  175. Budget 2015 headlines in 4 minutes – BBC News
  176. Michael Douglas says famous dad Kirk Douglas told him his acting debut was ‘absolutely terrible’
  177. Now US regulators vow to ban menthol cigarettes
  178. West Ham midfielder Robert Snodgrass insists his side should be doing better this season
  179. Christian women in Ireland don’t believe in limbo anymore, survey finds
  180. Ancient Egypt bombshell: Shock evidence pyramids built 5,500 years early
  181. California’s Rohrabacher not conceding despite media’s call of Democrat victory
  182. Launch of dedicated ‘Poppy’ bank accounts gives boost for Armed Forces
  183. India’s campaigning Miss World – BBC News
  184. Red Dead Online release date: When does Red Dead Redemption 2 multiplayer come out? | Gaming | Entertainment
  185. Wynn Resorts shares fall 12 percent as it misses earnings estimates
  186. Several former NFL players win midterm races
  187. Facebook starts shipping Portal smart displays
  188. Alien news: Nazi technology ‘exposed as floating bell stuns locals’
  189. Prince Charles won’t speak out when he becomes king
  190. How do I vote if I own shares in a nominee account not paper?
  191. What if UK PM refused to allow another Scottish referendum? BBC News
  192. Legendary stuntwoman Kitty O’Neil dead at 72
  193. Opioid overdoses killed 200 Americans a DAY last year, DEA report reveals
  194. Transfer news LIVE: Neymar to Barcelona shock, Man Utd wage problem, Chelsea swap deal | Football | Sport
  195. Victorian street demolished in Second World War is found in Cornwall
  196. NASA spots huge ‘thermal anomaly’ in Atlantic Ocean sparking frenzy
  197. Avenatti stars in ‘avenging angel’ role
  198. Property prices pushed down by over valuations, a lack of supply and Brexit, say estate agents
  199. CEO Mette Hoffmann Meyer on BBC World News
  200. Jason Aldean, wife Brittany Kerr reveal daughter’s name at baby shower
  201. Phoenix Coldon’s mysterious disappearance perplexes retired officer in new doc: ‘I want to help bring some closure’
  202. Marsha Blackburn leads Phil Bredesen
  203. Is Russia still meddling in US politics? – BBC News
  204. Raheem Sterling arrives for Manchester City training with ‘Fully Paid’ hat
  205. Where to see the best fall foliage across the country
  206. New ‘sensitive’ cervical cancer screening could save women from smear tests after 55
  207. Alien news: UFO spotted ‘taking off from the moon’ in BOMBSHELL clip
  208. Sky finally launches Netflix via its Sky Q boxes
  209. John Schneider reveals ‘Dukes of Hazzard’ memories, weighs in on Tom Wopat troubles
  210. Angela Merkel’s political challenges – BBC News
  211. Essential Gear for Traveling Solo
  212. Paul Zimmerman, acclaimed NFL writer known as ‘Dr. Z,’ dead at 86
  213. Britain’s first double hand transplant patient can now open his door
  214. Ghost news: Man is ‘followed around haunted house by girl in a cape’
  215. Florida mayor accused of asking resident for sex in exchange for neighborhood speed bumps
  216. Is Mike Ashley King of the High Street? As he bags Evans Cycles, what else is in his retail empire?
  217. Kate Middleton reveals royal rule for Prince George, Princess Charlotte
  218. Trump says ‘no’ to migrants: BBC News Review
  219. Manchester United stars arrive for training ahead of Bournemouth clash
  220. NYC airport workers to earn nation’s highest minimum wage
  221. Costa Coffee stores BAN under 16s from buying caffeinated drinks
  222. Brexit Secretary ‘behaving like a thief in the night’
  223. Savills forecasts house prices will rise 15% in five years
  224. ‘Broad City’ star Ilana Glazer’s political event canceled after vandals write ‘kill all Jews’ inside synagogue
  225. World’s Tallest Statue Cost $420 Million, Tivals The Space Needle | NBC News
  226. The home of Bollywood has much to offer travelers
  227. NHL player Evander Kane facing $6M lawsuit as ex-girlfriend claims he reneged on $3M abortion payment
  228. Woman, 24, whose IBS left her looking ‘nine months pregnant’ is now a slim size 10
  229. Kasich: ‘A pox on both houses’ for Kavanaugh confirmation process
  230. Dumbo octopus monster SPOTTED by deep-sea EV Nautilus explorers
  231. Who is George Soros? – BBC News
  232. Dad creates VR world to help daughter – BBC News
  233. David Foster and Katharine McPhee show some PDA at Beverly Hills event
  234. DNA testing websites are ‘scaring women into asking for breast removal surgery’
  235. It Might Not Be a Drinking Problem, but It’s Definitely a Problem
  236. Commerce Department launches audit of steel tariff waivers
  237. Leicester helicopter crash: Schmeichel ‘stopped by police as he ran at burning helicopter’ | Football | Sport
  238. Michael Jackson ALIVE: Frenzy over King of Pop’s ‘nameless empty crypt’
  239. Meghan Markle, Prince Harry breaking royal protocol? 7 times the couple strayed from tradition
  240. ‘Heroic’ TSA agent saves man having heart attack at airport
  241. Hope for the millions of women with endometriosis as scientists edge one step closer to a ‘cure’
  242. Maxine Waters, Schiff among high-profile Dems poised to control committees if House flips
  243. Google Earth spots ‘secret spy plane’ in US military base near Area 51
  244. Parents are paying out thousands for their children to go on school trips
  245. The new MacBook Air makes it near impossible to eavesdrop
  246. Just FIVE percent of US children are meeting the recommended amount of weekly physical activity
  247. Brazilian airline Gol to offer premium class with no middle seats
  248. Retirement contribution limits will rise in 2019
  249. 5 things to binge-watch while spring cleaning
  250. No laughing matter: When exactly did clowns become scary?
  251. Vanessa Trump files for divorce from Donald Trump Jr
  252. Eyelid Lumps and Bumps
  253. 5 Ways Grains Interfere with Weight Loss
  254. Bright Eyes: More Than a Fresh Look
  255. Fighting the flu? This technology tries to help you get well faster
  256. Google hopes AI can predict heart disease by looking at retinas
  257. This startup wants to create a 3D-printed heart
  258. Expert SEO Advice on Marketing Your New Business
  259. Best Tools for Running a Retail Website
  260. How to Create an Exceptional Omnichannel Retail Experience
  261. Jimmie Johnson Mired in Career Worst 28-Race Losing Streak
  262. South Carolina Advances With 79-63 Win Over Buffalo
  263. Thomas Nears No. 1 With Another Short Round in Match Play
  264. Austin serial bomber: Self-described psychopath left behind unemotional trail of murder
  265. ‘Half my family is gone’: Mom mourns Iowa family found dead at Mexico resort
  266. March for our Lives rallies happening in every U.S. state: ‘We’re here and coming to make a change’
Thu, Jan 17, 2019
  1. Man, 33, injected himself with his own SEMEN to treat back pain
  2. Grounded new planes, routes, safety inspections
  3. Ex-NFL Pro Bowl wide receiver details past relationship with Jeff Bezos’ girlfriend Lauren Sanchez
  4. YouTube warns against Bird Box-style prank videos risky memes rage
  5. Ghost news: Man left TERRIFIED after re-watching video of him entering house
  6. New sexual misconduct allegations emerge against CBS boss
  7. Education publishing group Pearson sees share price fall 6%
  8. ‘Star Wars 9’ teased by John Boyega with bloody on-set photo
  9. War on sale of treats: Sweet ban in obesity fight
  10. Tottenham 0-0 Man Utd LIVE: Score and Premier League latest, Paul Pogba & Harry Kane start | Football | Sport
  11. 15 amazing Google tricks you never knew before now
  12. California Gov Gavin Newsom pledges unemployment benefits to furloughed federal workers
  13. Can ageing be delayed, stopped or even reversed? BBC News
  14. Kate Middleton’s brother James Middleton reveals secret battle with depression
  15. Scientists prove men are more sensitive to pain than women
  16. Spanish Civil Guard make 15 arrests following investigation into tennis match-fixing
  17. The future of driving: Audi puts VR games in every car as autonomous vehicles are unveiled at CES
  18. Blood Moon 2019: What is Blood Moon prophecy? Is Super Blood Wolf Moon sign of end times?
  19. Bernie Sanders’ 2016 presidential adviser accused of sexual assault
  20. Ford to cut thousands of jobs across Europe as it seeks to cut costs
  21. Is Donald Trump a danger to national security? BBC News
  22. Fortnite gnomes: ALL chilly gnomes map locations, week 6 challenge guide | Gaming | Entertainment
  23. 30million NHS consultations could be conducted through Skype-style videos
  24. Five Carry-On Essentials for Travelers Who Love to Pack Light
  25. Charles Barkley compares NBA All-Star Game fan voting to presidential election
  26. As CES kicks off, home items are getting smarter and creepier, like it or not
  27. Mutant one-eyed cow worshipped ‘as a GOD’ after ‘miracle’ birth
  28. Brexit: PM ‘working to get further EU assurances’
  29. How much money do I need to save for my pension?
  30. Canada officially apologises: BBC News Review
  31. Meghan Markle’s father says he’s ‘very upset’ by alleged Kate Middleton feud: ‘They should put their differences aside’
  32. Retiring abroad in 2019? Consider these top 5 locations
  33. China releases 308lb rover named Jade Rabbit 2 to trundle across the far side of the moon
  34. Elvis alive? Tape of the King speaking ‘four years AFTER death’ REVEALED
  35. Pelosi: ‘Open discussion’ on whether Trump could be indicted in office
  36. UK’s largest online musical instrument and equipment specialist Gear4music sees shares halve
  37. MyHeritage DNA on BBC world news
  38. ATLAS game update: Patch notes and server status latest revealed by Studio Wildcard | Gaming | Entertainment
  39. US set for unprecedented outbreak of mysterious polio-like virus in 2020
  40. Steelers star Antonio Brown benched after dispute with Ben Roethlisberger, report says
  41. Facebook’s Zuckerberg blasted for ‘out of touch’ year-end post after scandal-plagued 2018
  42. End of the World: Rapture to start the apocalypse in 2019 says Bible
  43. Trump’s most memorable Twitter bombshells of 2018
  44. What will 2019 have in store for landlords?
  45. Reviving Italy’s ghost towns with an unusual hotel – BBC News
  46. Alexandra Richards gets engaged, dad Keith Richards and mom Patti Hansen ‘could not be happier’
  47. Measles fears in New Jersey airport
  48. U.S. airlines bristle at expansion of Qatar-backed Italian airline
  49. Andrew Strauss wife Ruth dies aged 46 after battling lung cancer
  50. Elon Musk asks judge to toss lawsuit filed by diver he called ‘pedo’
  51. Maine governor scribbles ‘stolen election’ on certificate confirming Democrat’s election win
  52. RAY MASSEY: Vauxhall’s grand design… I get behind the wheel of the first car I ever owned
  53. Is this safest place in the world? BBC News
  54. 14 Days of Fortnite: Christmas trees, goose nests, giant candy canes map locations | Gaming | Entertainment
  55. Prostate cancer: How to get involved
  56. 4 Men Held in Tourist Killings in Morocco. Denmark Calls It ‘Act of Terror.’
  57. Prolific streaker has pulled stunt more than 500 times across several sporting events
  58. Prolific streaker has pulled stunt more than 500 times across several sporting events
  59. Facebook’s lonely conservative takes on a power position
  60. ‘Wrong to ignore’ ethnicity of grooming gangs – Javid
  61. Thousands of bargain hunters queue from MIDNIGHT ahead of Boxing Day sales
  62. World’s oldest message in a bottle: BBC News Review
  63. Former ‘Apprentice’ star Elle Stevenson left ‘almost blind’ in brutal mugging
  64. Diabetic, 33, with erectile dysfunction hopes a ‘vampire penis injection’ will allow him to conceive
  65. London Gatwick drone sighting again shuts airport
  66. Transfer news LIVE: Bayern deal agreed, Man Utd demands, Arsenal, Liverpool, Barcelona | Football | Sport
  67. Apple may revamp the iPad Mini in 2019, report claims
  68. Alien news: Bizarre creature washes up on Australia
  69. Former Trump aides break their silence on Woodward book
  70. SUNDAY NEWSPAPER SHARE TIPS: Anglo Asian Mining, Gordon Dadds, Big Yellow and Dechra Pharma
  71. BBC World News – Channel Refresh
  72. Johnny Depp dropped from 'Pirates of the Caribbean' franchise, Disney producer confirms
  73. Sadiq Khan accused of being a ‘Scrooge’ for junk food advert ban
  74. Holiday cheer, history and great food in Berkeley Springs
  75. Kick It Out face questions over ‘serious incident at training day’
  76. DOJ charges Chinese nationals with ‘extensive’ hacking, stealing from tech companies, government agencies
  77. DOJ charges Chinese nationals for ‘extensive’ global hacking campaign
  78. Bank set to keep rates at 0.75% as Brexit uncertainty…
  79. When news goes wrong.. – BBC News
  80. Fortnite doorbell: How to complete ring doorbell week 3 season 7 challenge
  81. Mother and daughter with identical tumours are finally free of the painful growths
  82. If You Can’t Stop Name-Dropping, You’re Not Coming Skiing This Year
  83. Buffalo Bills’ Jerry Hughes gets his helmet stuck on teammate’s jersey
  84. Neil Armstrong’s boot sold for $48,000 as part of an out of this world ‘space auction’
  85. Tupac ALIVE? ’Security guard’ claims body double was used for cremation
  86. Dems, White House refuse to budge over border wall as Friday shutdown looms
  87. Shares in British retailers plunge after ASOS profit warning
  88. The Disruptors – BBC News
  89. Geoffrey Rush accused of inappropriate behavior by ‘Orange Is the New Black’ actress Yael Stone
  90. Baby who caught killer Ebola at just six days old is hailed a ‘miracle’
  91. Pep Guardiola finally dons Manchester City-themed Christmas jumper after not wearing one last year
  92. MIT develops incredible system to ‘shrink’ objects
  93. Bigfoot hunter spots pair of giant ‘red eyes’ lurking in forest
  94. Brexit: More assurances for MPs possible says May
  95. BBC News Review: Hong Kong riots
  96. ‘The Conners’ gets expanded second season at ABC: report
  97. Flu crisis: Number of people having flu jab at GP plummets
  98. Man Accused of Killing British Backpacker Grace Millane Appears in New Zealand Court
  99. Miami Dolphins’ Kenyan Drake wants ball he threw into stands after game-winning TD back
  100. Have you been naughty or nice? Santa ATM checks your TWEETS to decide
  101. Alien news: ‘Rod-shaped object’ BIGGER than Earth spotted moving past sun
  102. DNC chair praises George H.W. Bush: He ‘put country over party every day’
  103. Waitrose wounded as supermarket sales slow to lowest level in almost two years
  104. PM Modi To Inaugurate Tallest Statue In The World ‘Statue Of Unity’ Today | ABP News
  105. Fortnite update 7.01 Creative PATCH NOTES – New featured islands and building tools | Gaming | Entertainment
  106. Baby born after first ever womb transplant from dead donor is shown off by her proud parents
  107. Delta tests out offering most restrictive tickets to frequent flyers
  108. Credit card skimming on the rise as Indiana man gets arrested
  109. Cohen sentencing memo details efforts to help Trump 2016 campaign
  110. INVESTMENT EXTRA: Is it time to get away from travel company Thomas Cook?
  111. Syria air strikes: Latest updates- BBC News
  112. Trump voters were ‘gullible’ in 2016 election, NBC’s Chuck Todd says
  113. President Trump to attend Army-Navy football game Saturday in Philadelphia
  114. British Library to exhibit da Vinci’s notebooks
  115. Google Earth FRENZY as 'ancient megastructure' discovered on ocean floor
  116. How Avenatti’s 2020 aspirations fizzled: ‘Skeletons came to light’
  117. Maps reveal hidden truths of the world’s cities – BBC News
  118. Fortnite season 7 COUNTDOWN: Release date, start time, skins, snow map, servers, leaks | Gaming | Entertainment
  119. Mobile phones are seven times dirtier than TOILET SEATS, finds new study
  120. United Airlines inks deal with Avianca, Copa to grow in Latin America
  121. Raheem Sterling will keep improving, claims Man City teammate
  122. 5 ways to unearth incredible Amazon deals
  123. Antarctica bombshell as ‘pyramids and tunnels’ found on Google Earth
  124. Brexit: Gove warns of referendum if MPs don’t back PM’s deal
  125. Trump apologises to Kavanaugh: BBC News Review
  126. ‘Star Wars’ star Mark Hamill reacts to crime story about suspect named Luke Sky Walker
  127. Christmas recipes that are good for your GUT
  128. Purdue football coach’s high school alma mater receives threat after his decision to stay at school
  129. Dogs aren’t more clever than cats, says study
  130. Alien news: ‘Secret base’ spotted on MOON sparks frenzy
  131. Behind the scenes as the Kavanaugh nomination hit the rocks
  132. Car manufacturing in the UK has fallen again, dropping nearly 10 per cent last month
  133. Top 10: Latest international news and headlines from World
  134. Fortnite vehicle timed trials: ALL map locations for week 10 timed trials challenge | Gaming | Entertainment
  135. First gene-edited babies claimed in China
  136. A treasure trove of ancient history and culture
  137. Transfer news LIVE: Man Utd eye shock deal, Chelsea Hazard update, Arsenal bold move | Football | Sport
  138. Elon Musk thinks humans will have to merge with machines to overcome their ‘existential threat’
  139. Time travel PROOF? ‘Man from 2030’ reveals SHOCK US president
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A Chinese rover is making its tracks on the soft surface of the ‘dark’ side of the moon after touching down on our nearest celestial neighbour.

The Yutu-2 – or Jade Rabbit 2 – rover drove off its lander’s ramp and onto the exterior of the moon’s far side at 10:22pm Beijing time (2:22 pm GMT) on Thursday, about 12 hours after the Chinese spacecraft carrying it came to rest.

China’s space agency later posted a photos online, revealing lunar rover several yards away from the spacecraft.  

The tracks it makes on the surface of the moon will be forever immotalised and will never be lost as there is no wind on the moon due to its lack of an atmosphere.  

By 5pm Beijing time (9am GMT) the three 15-foot long antennaes on Chang’e-4 had also been fully unfurled to enable the low-frequency radio spectrometre to begin work. 

The rover which is currently meandering around the moon on six independently controlled wheels, has also established a robust connection with its relay satellite, Queqiao. 

Yutu-2 has already completed environmental perception, route planning, walking to where it is pictured currently and starting its scientific operations. 

Chinese state media also reports that the cameras on the machine have been turned on and are working normally.

Other equipment will be turned on one by one, according to the Chinese space agency CNSA. 

Yutu-2 is expected to go into standby mode – ‘nap mode’ in Chinese – once these tests are complete. Experts hope it will reactivate on January 10 and resume normal functioning, according to China Central Television, although that is not guaranteed. 

Jade Rabbit 2 weighs 308lbs (139kg) and has six individually powered wheels so it can continue to operate even if one wheel fails. 

It can climb a 20-degree hill or an obstacle up to eight inches (20cm) tall and its maximum speed is said to be 220 yards (200 metres) per hour.

The pioneering rover is five feet (1.5 metres) long and about 3 feet (one metre) wide and tall, with two foldable solar panels and six wheels. 

Yutu-2 and its accompanying lander will carry out mineral, biological and radiation tests ahead of a future base that China hopes to build on the moon.

Results of these experiments could lead to new understandings of the challenges faced by settlers who may one day colonise our natural satellite.

Scroll down for video 

By 5pm Beijing time (09:00 GMT) the three fifteen-foot long antennaes on Chang’e-4 had also been fully unfurled to enable the low-frequency radio spectrometre to begin work. The rover which is currently meandering around the moon on six independently controlled wheels, has also established a robust connection with its relay satellite, Queqiao 

A Chinese rover is making its tracks on the soft surface of the 'dark' side of the moon after touching down on our nearest celestial neighbour. The Yutu-2 - or Jade Rabbit 2 - rover drove off its lander's ramp and onto the snow-like exterior of the moon's far side at 10:22pm GMT on Thursday, about 12 hours after the Chinese spacecraft carrying it came to rest. Its scientific instruments include a panoramic camera, ground-penetrating radar, and instruments to identify the chemical makeup of the lunar surface

A Chinese rover is making its tracks on the soft surface of the ‘dark’ side of the moon after touching down on our nearest celestial neighbour. The Yutu-2 – or Jade Rabbit 2 – rover drove off its lander’s ramp and onto the snow-like exterior of the moon’s far side at 10:22pm GMT on Thursday, about 12 hours after the Chinese spacecraft carrying it came to rest. Its scientific instruments include a panoramic camera, ground-penetrating radar, and instruments to identify the chemical makeup of the lunar surface

Yutu-2 has a host of instruments and will be powered by solar panels.  Unlike the similar probe on-board the Chang'e-3 mission this rover has no robotic arm. It does have radar, panoramic and infrared cameras and six wheels which work independently 

Yutu-2 has a host of instruments and will be powered by solar panels.  Unlike the similar probe on-board the Chang’e-3 mission this rover has no robotic arm. It does have radar, panoramic and infrared cameras and six wheels which work independently 

‘It’s a small step for the rover, but one giant leap for the Chinese nation,’ Wu Weiren, the chief designer of the Lunar Exploration Project, told state broadcaster CCTV.

‘This giant leap is a decisive move for our exploration of space and the conquering of the universe.’ 

The rover is equipped with a variety of scientific instruments to help it analyse the surface of the moon, including a panoramic and infrared camera, ground-penetrating radar a low-frequency radio spectrometer. 

However, experts say that the craft will not be able to function indefinitely and may only be able to operate for as little as one day.

‘Of course, it’s never going to leave the Moon, so the question is really how long it can remain operational,’ said Professor Ian Crawford from the department of Earth and planetary sciences at Birkbeck College London

‘I suspect they will hope for at least one lunar day – 14 Earth days – after which, if it is still working, it will have to hibernate during the 14-day lunar night because it is solar powered, and hopefully wake up again afterwards. 

‘That is a tall order because the lunar night is so cold – about -180°C (-292°F).

‘While operational, it will rove around studying the composition of rocks, and the sub-surface using its ground-penetrating radar.

‘It will just be left on the Moon once it ceases to function, unless one day it is collected and brought back to a museum.’

A never-before-seen 'close range' image taken by the Chinese spacecraft Chang'e-4 of the surface of the far side of the moon. It appears to take on a reddish hue in some of the images released by China, an effect of the lights used by the probe

A never-before-seen ‘close range’ image taken by the Chinese spacecraft Chang’e-4 of the surface of the far side of the moon. It appears to take on a reddish hue in some of the images released by China, an effect of the lights used by the probe

WHAT DO THE NAMES OF CHINA’S MOON MISSION MEAN?  

Chang’e-4    

Chang’e is the moon goddess and wife of god Houyi in Ancient Chinese mythology. 

Houyi is one of the most powerful mythological figures in China. 

It is said that he shot down nine Suns to make Earth a liveable habitat for human beings.

The number four in the name is a more modern-day nod to the space programme. 

This spacecraft is the fourth of the Chang’e missions.  

Yutu-2 

Yutu (jade rabbit) is the companion of Chang’e in the mythological stories. 

This is fittingly also the name of the rover on-board Chang’e-4. 

Yutu-2 is so labelled because it is the successor to Yutu-1 which was deployed from the Chang’e-3 mission earlier this decade.  

Queqiao  

Queqiao is the relay satellite and translates to Magpie Bridge.

This name also stems from Ancient Chinese mythology.

Queqiao, or the Magpie Bridge, is a legendary bridge which appears once a year to connect Niu Lang and Zhi Nv.

Niu Lang is a cattle herder on Earth while Zhi Nv, or the Weaving Maid, is a goddess in heaven.

The couple met and fell in love when Zhi Nv snuck to the ‘human world’ in secret to play. Their union enraged the chief goddess, Queen Mother of the West.

The couple got banished to live at different sides of the Milky Way.

Every year on the seventh day of the seventh month on the Lunar Calendar, thousands of magpies that are moved by the couples’ love story will form the Magpie Bridge, or Queqiao, so that Niu Lang and Zhi Nv can meet each other. 

This relay satellite will allow communication between the moon probe and Earth.  

The rover will use its panoramic camera to identify interesting locations and its Visible and Near-Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (VNIS) will help analyse minerals in the crater. 

This includes what scientists call ‘ejecta’ – rocks that have churned up from deep to the surface from impacts meteors. 

Its Lunar Penetrating Radar (LPR) instrument will take a look down into the depths of the moon with a maximum vertical distance of approximately 300 feet (100 metres). 

Experiments of seeds and plants that were taken to the moon from Earth on-board the Chang’e-4 probe will be done inside the lunar lander itself. 

Unlike its predecessor, the Chang’e-3 mission, the latest addition to the moon’s surface does not have a robotic arm. 

The lander also has a low-frequency radio spectrometer (LFS) which will be part of a scientific experiment to study space without the constant radio interference from Earth. 

Being on the far side of the moon shields the equipment from the noise and will allow Chang’e-4 to produce a low-radio wave emission map of the sky. 

Dr Matthew Bothwell, an astronomer at the University of Cambridge, told MailOnline that this could be a crucial step in the future of space exploration and compared its importance to that of the first telescope. 

‘The far side of the moon is the only place in the reachable universe that we are able to do this kind of research. 

‘Putting an object as large as the moon between the Earth’s constant beaming of radio waves and the antennaes is a fantastic way of filtering out noise from Earth. 

‘Very long wavelength radiowaves are impossible to study due to their universal beaming of radio waves 24/7 and the emissions from the universe is really faint in comparison.’

Dr Bothwell added that there is no way of knowing what this could reveal and the opportunities for discovery are enormous. 

‘It will provide a new window to look at the universe and we will likely find unexpected things,’ he added. 

Dr Bothwell also said that depending on the success of the data gathered by Chang’e-4, it could lead to a ground-based telescope being installed on the far side of the moon. 

The far side can’t be seen from Earth and is popularly called the ‘dark side’ because it is relatively unknown, not because it lacks sunlight.

‘The surface is soft and it is similar that you are walking on the snow,’ Shen Zhenrong, the rover designer from the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, said on CCTV. 

This picture of Yutu-2 was taken from the lander as the rover was being released. It shows a close-up of one of Yutu-2's wheels

This picture of Yutu-2 was taken from the lander as the rover was being released. It shows a close-up of one of Yutu-2’s wheels

Three nations – the United States, the former Soviet Union and more recently China – have sent spacecraft to the near side of the moon, but the latest landing is the first on the far side. 

That side has been observed many times from lunar orbit, but never up close.

The mission highlights China’s growing ambitions to rival the U.S., Russia and Europe in space, and more broadly, to cement its position as a regional and global power. 

Lunar explorer Chang’e-4 touched down at 10.26am local time (2.26am GMT) on Thursday, state media reported, and soon after beamed back the first ever image of the ‘dark side’ of the moon.

It then released its rover, Yutu-2, which rolled out onto the lunar surface. 

While stationed on the moon, Yutu-2 will attempt to recce the famous Von Karman crater in the Aitken basin, the largest impact crater in the entire solar system at eight miles (13 km) deep and 1,600 miles (2,500 km) in diameter. 

A photograph taken from the Chang'e-4 probe during its landing process, as it became the first rover to ever reach the surface of the dark side of the moon

This is one of the first ever close-up images taken of the dark side of the moon which never faces towards Earth. This region is vastly unexplored and unknown to scientists compared to the side of the moon we can see and have visited with the Apollo and subsequent NASA missions

Photographs taken from the Chang’e-4 probe during its landing process, as it became the first rover to ever reach the surface of the dark side of the moon

It will also be tasked with carrying out mineral and radiation tests, presenting scientists with the first-ever chance to examine materials from the far side of the moon. 

The far side of the moon – colloquially known as the dark side – actually gets as much light as the near side but always faces away from Earth. 

This is because the moon is tidally locked to Earth, rotating at the same rate that it orbits our planet, so the far side – or the ‘dark side’ – is never visible from our planet.

This relatively unexplored region is mountainous and rugged, making a successful landing much harder to achieve. 

It appears to take on a reddish hue in some of the images released by China due to an effect from the lights used on the mission, according to Christopher Conselice, a professor of astrophysics at the University of Nottingham.

The Lunar explorer touched down at 10.26am local time (2.26am GMT). While stationed on the moon, Chang'e-4 will attempt to recce the Von in the Aitken basin, the largest impact crater in the entire solar system at eight miles (13km) deep and 1,600 miles (2,500km) in diameter

The Lunar explorer touched down at 10.26am local time (2.26am GMT). While stationed on the moon, Chang’e-4 will attempt to recce the Von in the Aitken basin, the largest impact crater in the entire solar system at eight miles (13km) deep and 1,600 miles (2,500km) in diameter

Why does the moon look RED? The first high resolution image of the far side of the moon from the Chang’e-4 probe was illuminated by a powerful lamp giving it a pinkish-red hue. It shows the undulating terrain leading up to a large ridge

Beijing is hoping to send another probe next year that will retrieve samples and bring them back to Earth. 

Images, footage and information regarding the Chang’e-4 mission were scarce prior to Thursday’s announcement from the China National Space Administration (CNSA) of a successful landing due to the nation’s quest to beat the US, Europe and Russia to the landmark achievement. 

Footage later emerged of the landing after it was spotted playing inside the control room by an eagle-eyed onlooker – but was not live streamed to the public by the secretive space agency. 

Beijing is pouring billions into the military-run programme, with hopes of having a crewed space station by 2022, and of eventually sending humans to the moon.

Jade Rabbit 2 weighs 308lbs (139kg) and has six individually powered wheels so it can continue to operate even if one wheel fails. It rolled on to the lunar surface from the lander via two ramps and will explore the Von Karman crater in the southern region of the far side of the moon 

Jade Rabbit 2 weighs 308lbs (139kg) and has six individually powered wheels so it can continue to operate even if one wheel fails. It rolled on to the lunar surface from the lander via two ramps and will explore the Von Karman crater in the southern region of the far side of the moon 

The mission is formed of three basic parts - the rover, the lander and the relay satellite. They will work in unison to study, analyse and send information back to the scientists on Earth

The mission is formed of three basic parts – the rover, the lander and the relay satellite. They will work in unison to study, analyse and send information back to the scientists on Earth

WHY DOES THE FAR SIDE OF THE MOON LOOK RED?  

One of the first images to emerge from the Chang’e-4 lunar probe on the dark side of the moon shows a crater and a ridge in the background bathed in a reddish hue.

The entire image is tinged in a pink glow which makes the surface resemble Mars more than it does the moon.

This, according to Christopher Conselice, a professor of astrophysics at the University of Nottingham, is merely a trick of the light.

He told MailOnline: ‘The appearance of the reddish hue of the image from the lunar probe is a trick of the light.

‘The surface of the far side of the moon is the same colour as on the near side, but the illumination from the lamp on Chang’e-4 created a glow which altered the way it looks.’

Professor Conselice compared the image to when a lamp is turned on in the corner of the room and changes the way the surfaces are perceived.

He also says that the light appears to span to the horizon due to the location of the probe within the Von Karman crater and its proximity to a large ridge which hides the more distant terrain.

The Chang’e-4 lunar probe mission – named after the moon goddess in Chinese mythology – launched in December 2018 from the southwestern Xichang launch centre.

It is the second Chinese probe to land on the moon, following the Yutu rover mission in 2013.

China announced that in honour of this success the rover on-board Chang’e-4 has been named Yutu 2.   

Previous spacecraft have seen the far side of the moon, but none has landed on it.

China launched the Chang’e-4 probe on December 7 2018 by a Long March-3B rocket. 

It includes a lander and a rover to explore the surface of the moon.

Xinhua said the probe entered an elliptical lunar orbit at 08.55 Beijing time, which brought it nine miles (15km) away from the surface of the moon. 

The Chang’e-4 first entered a lunar orbit on December 12, 2018.

The probe entered lunar orbit ‘to prepare for the first-ever soft landing on the far side of the moon’, the China National Space Administration said at the time. 

The tasks of the Chang’e-4 include astronomical observation, surveying the moon’s terrain, landform and mineral composition, and measuring the neutron radiation and neutral atoms to study the environment on the far side of the moon.   

Technicians work at the Beijing Aerospace Control Center (BACC) in Beijingto on January 3 make the Chang'e-4 probe landing successful. It touched down on the far side of the moon and in the process became the first spacecraft soft-landing on the moon's uncharted 'dark side' which is never visible from Earth

Technicians work at the Beijing Aerospace Control Center (BACC) in Beijingto on January 3 make the Chang’e-4 probe landing successful. It touched down on the far side of the moon and in the process became the first spacecraft soft-landing on the moon’s uncharted ‘dark side’ which is never visible from Earth

Emotional space technicians celebrate the landing at the Beijing Aerospace Control Centre on January 3. Beijing is pouring billions into the military-run programme, with hopes of having a crewed space station by 2022, and of eventually sending humans to the moon

The Beijing Aerospace Control Centre looks on anxiously as the lunar rover begins its approach to the surface on January 3

Emotional space technicians celebrate the landing at the Beijing Aerospace Control Centre on January 3. Beijing is pouring billions into the military-run programme, with hopes of having a crewed space station by 2022, and of eventually sending humans to the moon

Researchers hope the seeds will grow to blossom on the Moon, with the process captured on camera and transmitted to Earth. 

China aims to catch up with Russia and the United States to become a major space power by 2030. 

It is planning to launch construction of its own manned space station next year and have its own lunar base by 2036. 

Dr Bothwell said: ‘The success of the landing and of this mission puts china in a very strong position among other nations. 

‘The co-operation between the space agencies is great for science and is a case of humanity working together to understand more about the mysteries and issues of the universe. 

‘Possibly the best thing that could happen is another space race similar to the competition between the US and Russia in the 60s and 70s. 

‘With ESA, Roscosmos and NASA all taking significant steps and the private space race between SpaceX and other firms hotting up, it could bring about a renaissance in space exploration.’ 

China has steadfastly insisted its ambitions are purely peaceful, the US Defense Department has accused it of pursuing activities aimed at preventing other nations from using space-based assets during a crisis.

Chang'e-4 will target the South Pole-Aitken basin's Von Karman crater. This image shows a simulated landing process of Chang'e-4 lunar probe seen through the monitor at Beijing Aerospace Control Center

A simulation released by the Chinese space agency (CNSA) shows how the probe, comprising a lander and a rover, would have landed at a preselected area on the far side of the moon

The Chang’e-4 (artist’s impression pictured left) is the first ever probe to land on the far side of the lunar surface. A lander helped guide a rover to the surface of the far side of the moon. A simulation released by the Chinese space agency (right) shows how the probe, comprising a lander and a rover, landed at a preselected area on the far side of the moon

The space control centre will select a ‘proper time’ to land the probe on the far side of the moon, Xinhua reported. 

As the landing is happening on the dark side of the moon it required its own satellite to be able to send information back. 

To facilitate communication between controllers on Earth and the Chang’e-4 mission, China launched a relay satellite named Queqiao on 20 May and is now stationed in operational orbit about 40,000 miles beyond the moon. 

WHY IS THE FAR SIDE OF THE MOON KNOWN AS THE ‘DARK SIDE’? 

The far side of the moon – colloquially known as the dark side – actually gets as much light as the near side but always faces away from Earth.

Less than a fifth of the opposite half of the moon is ever visible and it wasn’t until 1959 until we received images of what it looked like when the Soviet Luna 3 spacecraft returned snapped the mysterious region.  

In 1968, astronauts aboard the Apollo 8 spacecraft were the first humans to set eyes on the far side in person as they orbited the moon.

Since then, several missions by NASA and other space agencies have imaged the lunar far side.

That includes NASA’s Deep Impact spacecraft, which imaged the far side from a distance of 31 million miles (49m km) in 2008.

This relatively unexplored region is mountainous and rugged, making a successful landing much harder to achieve.

Professor of astrophysics at the University of Nottingham, Christopher Conselice, said the far side is much more rugged and has less volcanic activity than the side we see from Earth. 

There have been numerous landings on the moon as a result of the 20th century space race between the US and the USSR - including the famed Apollo 11 mission which saw Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans on the moon. After Luna 24  landed on August 18 the next lunar landing was the Chinese mission Chang'e-3 on December 14, 2013. Chang'e-4 is the first spacecraft to land on the far side of the moon 

There have been numerous landings on the moon as a result of the 20th century space race between the US and the USSR – including the famed Apollo 11 mission which saw Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans on the moon. After Luna 24  landed on August 18 the next lunar landing was the Chinese mission Chang’e-3 on December 14, 2013. Chang’e-4 is the first spacecraft to land on the far side of the moon 

This will be the primary form of communication between Earth and the spacecraft.

The probe and explorer will use Queqiao to get their findings back to China.

Its descent was also aided by the relay satellite, the Queqiao, or Magpie Bridge.

This is positioned at a place in space called L2, a Langraine point. 

A Lagrange point is a spot in space where the combined gravitational forces of two large bodies are equivalent to the centrifugal force of another body.

L2 is a million miles beyond Earth in the opposite direction to the sun and for an object to remain stationary there it depends on a fragile equilibrium between the gravitational pull of the moon, Earth and the Sun.

Exploring the Von Karman crater on the surface of the moon may shed new light on its history and geology by collecting rocks that have never been seen before.  

The relay satellite which will allow the probe to communicate with engineers in Beijing is called Queqiao and had to fly to a Earth-Moon point in orbit around 50,000 miles away from the moon's surface (pictured)

The relay satellite which will allow the probe to communicate with engineers in Beijing is called Queqiao and had to fly to a Earth-Moon point in orbit around 50,000 miles away from the moon’s surface (pictured)

The Chinese plan involved two missions. One placed a satellite in orbit around the moon to provide a means of sending information and data back to Earth (left). The other part involves a lander and rover which will work together to explore the surface of the moon (right)

The Chinese plan involved two missions. One placed a satellite in orbit around the moon to provide a means of sending information and data back to Earth (left). The other part involves a lander and rover which will work together to explore the surface of the moon (right)

China opted to study the far side of the moon and has in the process beat all other nations to the landmark moment.

Chang’e-4 landed in the Von Karman crater in the South Pole-Aitken basin – the largest known impact basin in the solar system.

The crater is believed to be composed of various chemical compounds, including thorium, iron oxide, and titanium dioxide.  

It is also hoped that by judging this deep scar on the surface of the moon the scientists could find clues to piece together the origin of the lunar mantle.

Dr Bothwell told MailOnline: ‘The probe landed in the Aitkin basin, which is a really really ancient impact crater formed in a phase of the solar system called heavy bombardment between three and four billion years ago.

‘Such a massive impact would have caused rock from the mantle to splash out and reach the surface. 

‘Because the moon has no atmosphere and therefore no wind, these rocks remain untouched and unaltered since this event.

‘This provides us with a unique way of studying the inner workings on the moon which we simply do not have on Earth and because the moon was once part of Earth, could shed light on how the moon, Earth and other planets develop as they often have similar geological processes.’  

There is also another logistical reason for the choice of landing site, the crater is mostly flat in the south of the basin and this increased the likelihood of a successful landing.  

WHY DID CHINA CHOOSE TO LAND IN THE VON KARMAN CRATER?

 Chang’e-4 landed in the Von Karman crater in the South Pole-Aitken basin.

This is an enormous crater which resides at the very most southern tip of the moon.   

China opted to study the far side of the moon and has in the process beat all other nations to the landmark moment.  

The basin is so far the largest known impact basin in the solar system. 

China’s space agency hopes that by exploring the huge divot on the surface of the moon they may be able to shed some light on its history and geology by collecting rocks that have never been seen before. 

Researchers hope the huge depth of the crater will allow them to study the moon’s mantle, the layer underneath the surface, of the moon.  

The crater is believed to be composed of various chemical compounds, including thorium, iron oxide, and titanium dioxide.

It is also hoped that by judging this 8-mile deep scar on the surface of the moon the scientists could find clues to piece together the origin of the lunar mantle. 

There is also another logistical reason for the choice of landing site, the crater is mostly flat in the south of the basin. 

This increased the likelihood of a successful landing.  

Models of Chang'e-4 reveal how the probe on the far side of the moon will look.

The large solar panels and protective gold foil will power and protect the probe from the extreme radiation in space

Models of Chang’e-4 reveal how the probe on the far side of the moon will look (pictured). The large solar panels and protective gold foil will power and protect the probe from the extreme radiation in space 

China's Chang'e-4 probe (model pictured) is a major achievement for Chinese space exploration. It will study the chemical composition of the soil and also look at how potato and Arabidopsis seeds will cope on the lunar surface 

China’s Chang’e-4 probe (model pictured) is a major achievement for Chinese space exploration. It will study the chemical composition of the soil and also look at how potato and Arabidopsis seeds will cope on the lunar surface 

Chang'e-4 (model pictured) is the second Chinese probe to land on the moon, following the Yutu rover mission in 2013. The probe entered orbit on Sunday 'to prepare for the first-ever soft landing on the far side of the moon', the China National Space Administration said

China's latest mission which puts a probe on the moon (model pictured) closely follows the touchdown of NASA's InSight spacecraft on Mars, at a site less than 400 miles (640 kilometres) from the American rover Curiosity, the only other working robot on Mars

Chang’e-4 (model pictured) is the second Chinese probe to land on the moon, following the Yutu rover mission in 2013. The probe entered orbit on Sunday ‘to prepare for the first-ever soft landing on the far side of the moon’, the China National Space Administration said

Chang’e-4 has been described as ‘hugely ambitious’ and heralded as a sign of China’s growing intentions to rival the space exploration prowess of the US, Russia and the EU.    

It has a gold exterior which will protect the probe from the harsh environments of the moon. Gold is an excellent thermal insulator which wil lprotect the inner workings of Chang’e-4 from the temperature peak of 127°C (261°F) and lows of -173°C (-279°F).

The lunar day and night each lasts for 14 days, half of its orbit around Earth. 

As well as surviving these harsh environments the probe must create its own power. 

It does this by using two large square solar panels affixed to the top of the machine.  

China’s latest mission closely follows the touchdown of NASA’s InSight spacecraft on Mars, at a site less than 400 miles (640km) from the American rover Curiosity, the only other working robot on Mars. 

A TIMELINE OF HOW CHINA REACHED THE FAR SIDE OF THE MOON

Chang'e-4 launched from the Xichang satellite launch centre in Sichuan, south-west China at 6:30 GMT on December 7 

Chang’e-4 launched from the Xichang satellite launch centre in Sichuan, south-west China at 6:30 GMT on December 7 

October 24 2007 – China launches Chang’e-1, an unmanned satellite, into space where it remains operational for more than a year. 

October 1 2010 – China launches Chang’e-2. This was part of the first phase of the Chinese moon programme. It was in a 100-km-high lunar orbit to gather data for the upcoming Chang’e-3 mission. 

September 29, 2011 – China launched Tiangong 1. 

September 15 2013 – A second space lab, Tiangong 2, is launched. 

December 1 2013 – Chang’e-3 launched.  

December 14 2013 – Chang’e-3, a 2,600 lb (1,200 kg) lunar probe landed on the near side of the moon successfully. It became the first object to soft-land on the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976. 

April 1 2018 – Tiangong-1 crashed into Earth at 17,000 mph and lands in the ocean off the coast if Tahiti. 

May 20 2018 – China launched a relay satellite named Queqiao which is stationed in operational orbit about 40,000 miles beyond the moon. This is designed to enable Chang’e-4 to communicate wit engineers back on Earth. 

The Chang'e-4 lunar rover is lifted into space from the Xichang launch centre in Xichang in China's southwestern Sichuan province on December 7

The Chang’e-4 lunar rover is lifted into space from the Xichang launch centre in Xichang in China’s southwestern Sichuan province on December 7

December 7 2018 – Chinese space agency announces it has launched the Chang’e-4 probe into space. 

December 12 2018 –  Retrorockets on the probe fired to stabilise the spacecraft and slow it down. 

December 31 2018 –   The probe prepared for the first-ever soft landing on the far side of the moon.  

Estimated for 2020 – Tiangong 3,a follow-up mission to the Tiangong-2 

Before 2033 – China plans for its first uncrewed Mars exploration program.

2040 – 2060 – The Asian superpower is planning a crewed mission to Mars. 

The payload on the Chang'e 4 probe includes materials necessary for experiments, including a low-frequency radio spectrometer, a panoramic camera and lunar penetrating radar, among other things

The payload on the Chang’e 4 probe includes materials necessary for experiments, including a low-frequency radio spectrometer, a panoramic camera and lunar penetrating radar, among other things

Chang’e-4’s role in helping China build a ‘Lunar Palace’

As well as radiation monitoring and mineralogical experiments, China’s Chang’e-4 probe contains a ‘lunar mini biosphere’ to perform biological studies.

It holds potato seeds and silkworm eggs, as well as Arabidopsis seeds – plants related to cabbage and mustard that are commonly used by biologists as a model for how plants behave in different environments.

The seeds and eggs are kept in a small cylindrical tin and are expected to grow inside the 0.8L container.

The ‘lunar mini biosphere’ is part of Beijing’s biological studies in space as it plans to build a lunar base and eventually put people on the moon by 2036. 

Researchers hope the potato and arabidopsis seeds will grow to blossom on the moon in 100 days, with the process captured on camera and transmitted to Earth, according to a previous report from Huanqiu.com citing Xinhua News Agency.

The 0.8L cylindrical tin was designed by experts from south-west China's Chongqing University. It is equipped with insulating layers and a mini air-conditioning system

The 0.8L cylindrical tin was designed by experts from south-west China’s Chongqing University. It is equipped with insulating layers and a mini air-conditioning system

Scientists hope that the seeds will grow to blossom on the moon in 100 days and the silkworm eggs will hatch and grow into moths. The seeds and eggs are kept in a 'lunar mini biosphere'

Scientists hope that the seeds will grow to blossom on the moon in 100 days and the silkworm eggs will hatch and grow into moths. The seeds and eggs are kept in a ‘lunar mini biosphere’

The silkworm eggs are also expected to hatch into larvae before growing into silkworm moths.  

The 6.6lb (three kg) tin is made from a specially developed aluminium alloy. It is seven inches (18 cm) tall, with a diameter of six inches (16 cm) and a net volume of 1.4 pints (0.8 litres).

As well as seeds, it contains water, a nutrient solution, air and equipment including a small camera and data transmission system.

Researchers from 28 Chinese Universities are behind the project, led by southwest China’s Chongqing University. 

Astronauts have previously cultivated plants on the International Space Station. Rice and arabidopsis were also grown on China’s Tiangong-2 space lab.

Professor Conscelice told MailOnline: ‘China is doing experiments with seeds and worms to see how things form in space and there is relatively little information on this. 

‘That’s a new ares of space exploration which we can learn about which was impossible before Chang’e-4.’  

China's Chang'e 4 spacecraft landed on the far side of the moon yesterday

The probe brought with it potato seeds, silkworm eggs and arabidopsis seeds in a small tin

China’s Chang’e 4 spacecraft (left), which landed on the far side of the moon yesterday brought with it potato seeds, silkworm eggs and arabidopsis seeds in a small tin (right) 

Speaking to Xinhua last year, the chief designer of the ‘lunar mini biosphere’ Xie Gengxin called the experiment ‘significant’.

Xie said it could herald a breakthrough for them to understand how humans might be able to survive on an alien planet. 

Zhang Yuanxun, a director from China’s Deep-space Exploration Associated Research Centre, said the difficulties of the experiment was to control the temperatures and ensure energy supply for the ‘lunar mini biosphere’ in the ‘complicated’ environment on the moon. 

The lunar day and night each lasts for 14 days, half of its orbit around Earth. The temperatures on its surface could range from the peak of 127°C (261°F) to lows of -173°C (-279°F).

To control the temperatures, scientists put insulating layers around the tin and built a mini air-conditioning system inside hoping it could provide a pleasant environment for the plants to grow.

To obtain energy, the tin will be powered by the solar panels on Chang’e 4 during the day and its internal batteries during the night.  

WHAT IS THE LUNAR MINI BIOSPHERE ABOARD THE CHANG’E-4 PROBE?

As well as radiation monitoring and mineralogical experiments, China’s Chang’e-4 probe contains a ‘lunar mini biosphere’ to perform biological studies.

It holds potato seeds and silkworm eggs, as well as arabidopsis seeds – plants related to cabbage and mustard that are commonly used by biologists as a model for how plants behave in different environments. 

Researchers hope the seeds will grow to blossom on the Moon, with the process captured on camera and transmitted to Earth. 

The 6.6lb (three kg) cylindrical tin is made from a specially developed aluminium alloy.

It is seven inches (18 cm) tall, with a diameter of six inches (16 cm) and a net volume of 1.4 pints (0.8 litres).

As well as seeds, it contains water, a nutrient solution, air and equipment including a small camera and data transmission system.

It will use a tube to direct sunlight on the surface of the Moon into the tin to allow the plants to grow.

Researchers from 28 Chinese Universities are behind the project, led by southwest China’s Chongqing University. 

Astronauts have previously cultivated plants on the International Space Station. Rice and arabidopsis were also grown on China’s Tiangong-2 space lab.

Both of these experiments were conducted in low Earth orbit and under very different conditions.

Experts hope that the new experiment will help accumulate knowledge for building a lunar base and long-term residence on the Moon.

Myths and mystique of the ‘dark side of the moon’

Pink Floyd, the 70s prop-rock band, tapped into this mystique when they released their 1973 album titled 'The Dark Side of the Moon' (pictured). The wildly popular musicians however took the moniker and used it metaphorically, opposed to literally, with their album and the term instead represented mental illness 

Pink Floyd, the 70s prop-rock band, tapped into this mystique when they released their 1973 album titled ‘The Dark Side of the Moon’ (pictured). The wildly popular musicians however took the moniker and used it metaphorically, opposed to literally, with their album and the term instead represented mental illness 

The far side of the moon has remained, until very recently, one of the most mysterious parts of our solar system. 

Due to a quirk in the rotation and orbital patterns of the Earth and the moon there is a vast portion of our satellite which we never glimpse from our planet. 

To study this part of the moon requires high-power and high-resolution space telescopes or cameras on spacecrafts. 

This mystery has led to a range of myths, idioms and superstitions which have changed over time. 

Earth’s very first glimpse at the mysterious side of the moon came in 1959 when a Soviet space mission snapped the distant world.  

Its grainy image sparked public intrigue into what it looked like and, despite several visits to the near side of the moon by both the USSR and the US, it remained somewhat of an enigma.

Earth's very first glimpse at the mysterious side of the moon came in 1959 when a Soviet space mission snapped the distant world. Its grainy image sparked public intrigue into what it looked like and, despite several visits to the near side of the moon by both the USSR and the US, it remained somewhat of an enigma (pictured)

Earth’s very first glimpse at the mysterious side of the moon came in 1959 when a Soviet space mission snapped the distant world. Its grainy image sparked public intrigue into what it looked like and, despite several visits to the near side of the moon by both the USSR and the US, it remained somewhat of an enigma (pictured)

The far side of the Moon, as seen by NASA's Lunar Orbiter 5, 6th August 1967. This image was taken from an altitude of 1660 miles

The far side of the Moon, as seen by NASA’s Lunar Orbiter 5, 6th August 1967. This image was taken from an altitude of 1660 miles

Prog-rock band Pink Floyd tapped into this mystique when they released their 1973 album titled ‘The Dark Side of the Moon’.

The popular music group took the moniker and used it metaphorically, to represent mental illness.

Many fans believe it was inspired by the deteriorating health of former member Syd Barrett, who left the band in 1968 after experimenting heavily with LSD.

The far side of the Moon, photographed during NASA's Apollo 8 mission, December 1968. Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, James Lovell and William Anders were the first humans to see it but no person has ever set foot on it 

The far side of the Moon, photographed during NASA’s Apollo 8 mission, December 1968. Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, James Lovell and William Anders were the first humans to see it but no person has ever set foot on it 

The far side of the moon is shown in this image from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter from March 2010. The image shows the moon's topography  with the highest elevations up above 20,000 feet in red and the lowest areas down below -20,000 feet in blue. One of these craters was the site chosen for the Chang'e-4 probe 

2016 image shows the far side of the moon, illuminated by the sun, as it crosses between the DSCOVR spacecraft's Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) camera and telescope, and the Earth - one million miles away. (Photo by: Universal History Archive/ UIG via Getty Images)

The far side of the moon is shown in this image from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter from March 2010. The image shows the moon’s topography with the highest elevations up above 20,000 feet in red and the lowest areas down below -20,000 feet in blue. One of these craters was the site chosen for the Chang’e-4 probe 

Before the rise in popularity of the concept album the dark side of the moon had a significant place in folklore around the world, with references to in Ancient Babylonian culture, modern-day conspiracy theories and potential uses in the Cold War. 

Babylonians were documenting the stages of the moon on clay tablets but were likely unaware it as a spherical, barren rock.

Isaac Newton, with his poetic 18th-century theory of gravity which explained many mysteries of the universe, allowed us to understand just how the moon’s presence creates tides. 

Some conspiracy theorists have claimed that astronauts and government agencies have developed a lunar base – and even a castle – on the far side of the moon, away from the prying eyes of Earth. 

These have all, unsurprisingly, been dispelled and refuted by NASA.  

Reports claim that at the height of the Cold War there were some plans in place to detonate a nuclear bomb there. 

A film was released in 1990 which also had the title 'The Dark Side of the Moon' (pictured) but instead of being a rock masterpiece and cult favourite, it featured a fictional group of astronauts who found an abandoned space shuttle there

A film was released in 1990 which also had the title ‘The Dark Side of the Moon’ (pictured) but instead of being a rock masterpiece and cult favourite, it featured a fictional group of astronauts who found an abandoned space shuttle there

These unproved claims never came to fruition and, until today, the far side of the moon has remained free of human interference.  

A film was released in 1990 which also had the title ‘The Dark Side of the Moon’ but instead of being a rock masterpiece and cult favourite, it featured a fictional group of astronauts who found an abandoned space shuttle there. 

Throughout the course of the film the characters find out the shuttle disappeared in the Bermuda Triangle and is now home to soul-eating aliens.    



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