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Sun, Nov 18, 2018
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  2. We’re Reimagining Our Travel Journalism. Tell Us What You’d Like to See.
  3. Why 536 AD was the worst year to be alive
  4. Great Pyramid of Giza: Egyptian Pharaoh ‘HIDDEN in secret chamber’
  5. How will Trump take Amazon move? ‘He will think Bezos made this decision to stick it to him.’
  6. SHARE PUNT OF THE WEEK: Pub chain Fuller’s
  7. Live Statue of Unity: Special coverage of inaugural of world’s tallest statue
  8. Jessie J ‘disappointed’ with fan comparisons to Channing Tatum’s ex Jenna Dewan
  9. NHS system error puts lives at risk as nearly 50,000 women are not sent screening letters
  10. Chiefs fans frustrated after NFL moves game vs. Rams from Mexico City to Los Angeles
  11. Bullets that don’t miss, weaponized insects and more: Innovations from DARPA, America’s secret lab
  12. Alien news: Oregon woman stunned as ’15 shape-changing UFOs’ appear
  13. Mattis heads to US-Mexico border to visit troops awaiting migrant caravan
  14. Telematics insurance has helped cut young driver casualties by a third
  15. Budget 2015 headlines in 4 minutes – BBC News
  16. Michael Douglas says famous dad Kirk Douglas told him his acting debut was ‘absolutely terrible’
  17. Now US regulators vow to ban menthol cigarettes
  18. West Ham midfielder Robert Snodgrass insists his side should be doing better this season
  19. Christian women in Ireland don’t believe in limbo anymore, survey finds
  20. Ancient Egypt bombshell: Shock evidence pyramids built 5,500 years early
  21. California’s Rohrabacher not conceding despite media’s call of Democrat victory
  22. Launch of dedicated ‘Poppy’ bank accounts gives boost for Armed Forces
  23. India’s campaigning Miss World – BBC News
  24. Red Dead Online release date: When does Red Dead Redemption 2 multiplayer come out? | Gaming | Entertainment
  25. Wynn Resorts shares fall 12 percent as it misses earnings estimates
  26. Several former NFL players win midterm races
  27. Facebook starts shipping Portal smart displays
  28. Alien news: Nazi technology ‘exposed as floating bell stuns locals’
  29. Prince Charles won’t speak out when he becomes king
  30. How do I vote if I own shares in a nominee account not paper?
  31. What if UK PM refused to allow another Scottish referendum? BBC News
  32. Legendary stuntwoman Kitty O’Neil dead at 72
  33. Opioid overdoses killed 200 Americans a DAY last year, DEA report reveals
  34. Transfer news LIVE: Neymar to Barcelona shock, Man Utd wage problem, Chelsea swap deal | Football | Sport
  35. Victorian street demolished in Second World War is found in Cornwall
  36. NASA spots huge ‘thermal anomaly’ in Atlantic Ocean sparking frenzy
  37. Avenatti stars in ‘avenging angel’ role
  38. Property prices pushed down by over valuations, a lack of supply and Brexit, say estate agents
  39. CEO Mette Hoffmann Meyer on BBC World News
  40. Jason Aldean, wife Brittany Kerr reveal daughter’s name at baby shower
  41. Phoenix Coldon’s mysterious disappearance perplexes retired officer in new doc: ‘I want to help bring some closure’
  42. Marsha Blackburn leads Phil Bredesen
  43. Is Russia still meddling in US politics? – BBC News
  44. Raheem Sterling arrives for Manchester City training with ‘Fully Paid’ hat
  45. Where to see the best fall foliage across the country
  46. New ‘sensitive’ cervical cancer screening could save women from smear tests after 55
  47. Alien news: UFO spotted ‘taking off from the moon’ in BOMBSHELL clip
  48. Sky finally launches Netflix via its Sky Q boxes
  49. John Schneider reveals ‘Dukes of Hazzard’ memories, weighs in on Tom Wopat troubles
  50. Angela Merkel’s political challenges – BBC News
  51. Essential Gear for Traveling Solo
  52. Paul Zimmerman, acclaimed NFL writer known as ‘Dr. Z,’ dead at 86
  53. Britain’s first double hand transplant patient can now open his door
  54. Ghost news: Man is ‘followed around haunted house by girl in a cape’
  55. Florida mayor accused of asking resident for sex in exchange for neighborhood speed bumps
  56. Is Mike Ashley King of the High Street? As he bags Evans Cycles, what else is in his retail empire?
  57. Kate Middleton reveals royal rule for Prince George, Princess Charlotte
  58. Trump says ‘no’ to migrants: BBC News Review
  59. Manchester United stars arrive for training ahead of Bournemouth clash
  60. NYC airport workers to earn nation’s highest minimum wage
  61. Costa Coffee stores BAN under 16s from buying caffeinated drinks
  62. Brexit Secretary ‘behaving like a thief in the night’
  63. Savills forecasts house prices will rise 15% in five years
  64. ‘Broad City’ star Ilana Glazer’s political event canceled after vandals write ‘kill all Jews’ inside synagogue
  65. World’s Tallest Statue Cost $420 Million, Tivals The Space Needle | NBC News
  66. The home of Bollywood has much to offer travelers
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  73. David Foster and Katharine McPhee show some PDA at Beverly Hills event
  74. DNA testing websites are ‘scaring women into asking for breast removal surgery’
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  82. Maxine Waters, Schiff among high-profile Dems poised to control committees if House flips
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  85. The new MacBook Air makes it near impossible to eavesdrop
  86. Just FIVE percent of US children are meeting the recommended amount of weekly physical activity
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Women are being frightened into asking for breast removal surgery by incorrect results from online DNA testing.

An expert has warned cheap tests for the BRCA gene mutations, which increase the risk of breast cancer, are giving out false results and worrying women.

The BRCA mutations were made famous by Angelina Jolie, who had both her breasts surgically removed when she discovered she was at risk of cancer because she carried a mutated version of the gene.

And while tests are available online for as little as £25, they may not be reliable, ’cause more worry than benefit’, and cost the NHS money in follow-up tests.

The BRCA gene mutations were made famous by Angelina Jolie (pictured last week at a meeting at the Government Palace in Peru), who had both her breasts surgically removed when she found out she had the mutation and was at particularly high risk of getting cancer

Professor Anneke Lucassen, chair of the British Society of Genetic Medicine, made the comments at a meeting in Parliament, according to The Sun.

She said: ‘You have to ask whether such testing causes more worry than benefit.’

The tests claim to be able to test for the BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 gene mutations using a simple cheek swab or saliva sample.

The Health + Ancestry test by the website 23andMe, for example, offers to test for the genetic mutation as part of its £149 screening package. 

Nobody has said or suggested that 23andMe gives false results.

The mutations can raise a woman’s chance of developing breast cancer before the age of 80 by up to 72 per cent.

But the online tests often throw up false results, experts have warned, and don’t take into account family history, which also significantly affects the risk.

Professor Lucassen said false positive results meant women went to see their GPs, terrified they would get cancer.

Doctors then felt pressured to send them for more testing, costing the NHS money – and some women are found to not be high risk at all.

Even women who are found to have the genetic mutation may not be high-risk enough to require the same drastic breast removal surgery as Angelina Jolie. 

DNA testing website 23andMe offers the BRCA testing as part of its Health + Ancestry screening which costs £149 ¿ but the company has not been named as one giving false results

DNA testing website 23andMe offers the BRCA testing as part of its Health + Ancestry screening which costs £149 – but the company has not been named as one giving false results

‘A risk-reducing mastectomy is a big operation,’ Professor Lucassen added. ‘You have to remove all of the breast tissue and surgeons say there is a significant complication risk.

‘It’s not something you should be undertaking lightly.’

The cancer risk of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations has been known about since the 1990s, but it is thought 80 per cent of people with them do not even know they have it.

Research from Geisinger Medical Center and Yale University in the US revealed only 18 per cent of people who had cancer-related gene mutations knew about them.

Experts involved in that study warned online DNA testing, even when accurate, examined ‘only a tiny sliver of a window of the risks’.

WHAT IS A DOUBLE MASTECTOMY?

A double mastectomy is the removal of both breasts.

This is a way of treating breast cancer and is often done to women who are at a high risk of the disease returning after therapy.

The treatment may also be suitable for women who are unable to have radiation therapy, have a tumour larger than 5cm across or have a mutation, such as in the BRCA gene, that increases their cancer risk.

Most women stay in hospital for one or two nights but are able to return to their regular activities within around four weeks.

Side effects can include pain, swelling, a build up of blood or fluid at the surgery site, limited arm movement and numbness in the chest or upper arm. 

After surgery, some women may wish to have the breast mound rebuilt to restore its appearance in breast reconstruction surgery.

Some patients may require other treatment after a mastectomy such as radiation, chemo or hormone therapy.

Source: American Cancer Society



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