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  28. NASA spots huge ‘thermal anomaly’ in Atlantic Ocean sparking frenzy
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  31. CEO Mette Hoffmann Meyer on BBC World News
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Fri, Nov 16, 2018
  1. NHS system error puts lives at risk as nearly 50,000 women are not sent screening letters
  2. Chiefs fans frustrated after NFL moves game vs. Rams from Mexico City to Los Angeles
  3. Bullets that don’t miss, weaponized insects and more: Innovations from DARPA, America’s secret lab
  4. Alien news: Oregon woman stunned as ’15 shape-changing UFOs’ appear
  5. Mattis heads to US-Mexico border to visit troops awaiting migrant caravan
  6. Telematics insurance has helped cut young driver casualties by a third
  7. Budget 2015 headlines in 4 minutes – BBC News
  8. Michael Douglas says famous dad Kirk Douglas told him his acting debut was ‘absolutely terrible’
  9. Now US regulators vow to ban menthol cigarettes
  10. West Ham midfielder Robert Snodgrass insists his side should be doing better this season
  11. Christian women in Ireland don’t believe in limbo anymore, survey finds
  12. Ancient Egypt bombshell: Shock evidence pyramids built 5,500 years early
  13. California’s Rohrabacher not conceding despite media’s call of Democrat victory
  14. Launch of dedicated ‘Poppy’ bank accounts gives boost for Armed Forces
  15. India’s campaigning Miss World – BBC News
  16. Red Dead Online release date: When does Red Dead Redemption 2 multiplayer come out? | Gaming | Entertainment
  17. Wynn Resorts shares fall 12 percent as it misses earnings estimates
  18. Several former NFL players win midterm races
  19. Facebook starts shipping Portal smart displays
  20. Alien news: Nazi technology ‘exposed as floating bell stuns locals’
  21. Prince Charles won’t speak out when he becomes king
  22. How do I vote if I own shares in a nominee account not paper?
  23. What if UK PM refused to allow another Scottish referendum? BBC News
  24. Legendary stuntwoman Kitty O’Neil dead at 72
  25. Opioid overdoses killed 200 Americans a DAY last year, DEA report reveals
  26. Transfer news LIVE: Neymar to Barcelona shock, Man Utd wage problem, Chelsea swap deal | Football | Sport
  27. Victorian street demolished in Second World War is found in Cornwall
  28. NASA spots huge ‘thermal anomaly’ in Atlantic Ocean sparking frenzy
  29. Avenatti stars in ‘avenging angel’ role
  30. Property prices pushed down by over valuations, a lack of supply and Brexit, say estate agents
  31. CEO Mette Hoffmann Meyer on BBC World News
  32. Jason Aldean, wife Brittany Kerr reveal daughter’s name at baby shower
  33. Phoenix Coldon’s mysterious disappearance perplexes retired officer in new doc: ‘I want to help bring some closure’
  34. Marsha Blackburn leads Phil Bredesen
  35. Is Russia still meddling in US politics? – BBC News
  36. Raheem Sterling arrives for Manchester City training with ‘Fully Paid’ hat
  37. Where to see the best fall foliage across the country
  38. New ‘sensitive’ cervical cancer screening could save women from smear tests after 55
  39. Alien news: UFO spotted ‘taking off from the moon’ in BOMBSHELL clip
  40. Sky finally launches Netflix via its Sky Q boxes
  41. John Schneider reveals ‘Dukes of Hazzard’ memories, weighs in on Tom Wopat troubles
  42. Angela Merkel’s political challenges – BBC News
  43. Essential Gear for Traveling Solo
  44. Paul Zimmerman, acclaimed NFL writer known as ‘Dr. Z,’ dead at 86
  45. Britain’s first double hand transplant patient can now open his door
  46. Ghost news: Man is ‘followed around haunted house by girl in a cape’
  47. Florida mayor accused of asking resident for sex in exchange for neighborhood speed bumps
  48. Is Mike Ashley King of the High Street? As he bags Evans Cycles, what else is in his retail empire?
  49. Kate Middleton reveals royal rule for Prince George, Princess Charlotte
  50. Trump says ‘no’ to migrants: BBC News Review
  51. Manchester United stars arrive for training ahead of Bournemouth clash
  52. NYC airport workers to earn nation’s highest minimum wage
  53. Costa Coffee stores BAN under 16s from buying caffeinated drinks
  54. Brexit Secretary ‘behaving like a thief in the night’
  55. Savills forecasts house prices will rise 15% in five years
  56. ‘Broad City’ star Ilana Glazer’s political event canceled after vandals write ‘kill all Jews’ inside synagogue
  57. World’s Tallest Statue Cost $420 Million, Tivals The Space Needle | NBC News
  58. The home of Bollywood has much to offer travelers
  59. NHL player Evander Kane facing $6M lawsuit as ex-girlfriend claims he reneged on $3M abortion payment
  60. Woman, 24, whose IBS left her looking ‘nine months pregnant’ is now a slim size 10
  61. Kasich: ‘A pox on both houses’ for Kavanaugh confirmation process
  62. Dumbo octopus monster SPOTTED by deep-sea EV Nautilus explorers
  63. Who is George Soros? – BBC News
  64. Dad creates VR world to help daughter – BBC News
  65. David Foster and Katharine McPhee show some PDA at Beverly Hills event
  66. DNA testing websites are ‘scaring women into asking for breast removal surgery’
  67. It Might Not Be a Drinking Problem, but It’s Definitely a Problem
  68. Commerce Department launches audit of steel tariff waivers
  69. Leicester helicopter crash: Schmeichel ‘stopped by police as he ran at burning helicopter’ | Football | Sport
  70. Michael Jackson ALIVE: Frenzy over King of Pop’s ‘nameless empty crypt’
  71. Meghan Markle, Prince Harry breaking royal protocol? 7 times the couple strayed from tradition
  72. ‘Heroic’ TSA agent saves man having heart attack at airport
  73. Hope for the millions of women with endometriosis as scientists edge one step closer to a ‘cure’
  74. Maxine Waters, Schiff among high-profile Dems poised to control committees if House flips
  75. Google Earth spots ‘secret spy plane’ in US military base near Area 51
  76. Parents are paying out thousands for their children to go on school trips
  77. The new MacBook Air makes it near impossible to eavesdrop
  78. Just FIVE percent of US children are meeting the recommended amount of weekly physical activity
  79. Brazilian airline Gol to offer premium class with no middle seats
  80. Retirement contribution limits will rise in 2019
  81. 5 things to binge-watch while spring cleaning
  82. No laughing matter: When exactly did clowns become scary?
  83. Vanessa Trump files for divorce from Donald Trump Jr
  84. Eyelid Lumps and Bumps
  85. 5 Ways Grains Interfere with Weight Loss
  86. Bright Eyes: More Than a Fresh Look
  87. Fighting the flu? This technology tries to help you get well faster
  88. Google hopes AI can predict heart disease by looking at retinas
  89. This startup wants to create a 3D-printed heart
  90. Expert SEO Advice on Marketing Your New Business
  91. Best Tools for Running a Retail Website
  92. How to Create an Exceptional Omnichannel Retail Experience
  93. Jimmie Johnson Mired in Career Worst 28-Race Losing Streak
  94. South Carolina Advances With 79-63 Win Over Buffalo
  95. Thomas Nears No. 1 With Another Short Round in Match Play
  96. Austin serial bomber: Self-described psychopath left behind unemotional trail of murder
  97. ‘Half my family is gone’: Mom mourns Iowa family found dead at Mexico resort
  98. March for our Lives rallies happening in every U.S. state: ‘We’re here and coming to make a change’

NEW YORK — His nose was round and bright red, his face as white as a sheet. His mouth was surrounded by an exaggerated smear of red makeup and his arched eyebrows hung ridiculously high on his forehead.

Such was the daily uniform of Bozo the Clown, who entertained kids for decades when TV was in its infancy. It’s also a uniform that for many now seems grotesque and sinister.

The death of longtime Bozo performer Frank Avruch this week triggered both feelings – warm memories from some and a shiver of fear from others who associate clowns more with the film “It.”

Which begs the question: When exactly did clowns go from birthday-party goofy to downright sinister? Well, hold onto your really big shoes — experts are divided.

David Carlyon, author, playwright and a former clown with Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus in the 1970s, argues that the fear of clowns — known officially as coulrophobia — is a relatively new phenomenon, born from the counter-culture 1960s and emerging as a popular force in the 1980s.

“There is no ancient fear of clowns,” he said. “It wasn’t like there was this panic rippling through Madison Square Garden as I walked up through the seats. Not at all.”

Carlyon said clowns were considered sweet and funny for two centuries until an inevitable backlash that included Stephen King’s hit novel It, the film Poltergeist, Heath Ledger’s white-faced maniac Joker, the misanthrope Krusty the Clown from The Simpsons, the shock band Insane Clown Posse and Homey D. Clown from In Living Color.

“Anything that gets that much glorification and is sentimentalized within an inch of its life invites someone to snark at it,” said Carlyon, who recently discovered the cover of a National Lampoon from 1979 with a girl cowering in fear of a malevolent clown.

“There’s nothing in any available evidence that kids were afraid of clowns in the ‘40s, the ‘50s, the ‘60s, the ‘70s,” he said. “Who said that about Red Skelton?”

Not so fast, argues Benjamin Radford, an author and editor at Skeptical Inquirer magazine who literally wrote the book on the subject, 2016’s Bad Clowns. Not to throw a pie in anyone’s face, but he argues that evil clowns have always been among us.

“It’s a mistake to ask when clowns turned bad because historically they were never really good. They’ve always had this deeply ambiguous character,” he said.

“Sometimes they’re good; sometimes they’re bad. Sometimes they’re making you laugh. Other times, they’re laughing at your expense.”

Radford traces bad clowns all the way to ancient Greece and connects them to court jesters and the Harlequin figure. He notes that Punch, an evil puppet who frequently smacks his partner Judy with a stick, made his first appearance in London in the 1500s. “You have this mass-murdering, baby-killing clown that’s beloved by Britons everywhere of all ages,” he said.

Clowns in America had their roots in circuses and they were at first meant to amuse adults, but clowning history took a detour in the 1950s and ‘60s when the squeaky-clean Bozo and Ronald McDonald became the “quintessentially American default clowns” for kids, Radford said.

The more sinister clown waited patiently for his day to shine. “Stephen King didn’t invent the evil clown. That was long before his time. But what he did was turn the coin over, if you will,” Radford said.

Even if there’s debate on the issue, Radford paid homage to Avruch, the first nationally syndicated incarnation of the iconic Bozo. Without virtuous clowns like him to lay the foundation, the bad ones make no sense.

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